What is HEMA?

So I'm into Historical European , . What is this?

In essence: martial arts that were once in use, but no more. Practice was lost — there's no living Mr. Miyagi to learn from.

These artes had their masters, however, and some of them wrote books. From these old texts we can reconstruct the practice:


While I focus on arts from the european area, be aware that similar initiatives exist for martial arts of Africa, Asia or America.

What is HEMA?

Some people call this , but makes people think only on , and is much more: (), , fighting with or or even and !

Actually «fencing» comes from the same germanic root as «fight» (combat, struggle), «fence» (defensive construction) and «defence» (well... you get the idea).

The german word «fechten», which nowadays is used for «fencing», has also the same root. See the next toot.

What is ?

I study the teachings of the XIV century fight master Johannes . These are usually called (, the «art of combat»).

He composed a poem, called the , which describes «with secret and hidden words» techniques and advice on fighting with the two-handed (), in () and out of armour (), and also on () with the .

(Yes, that's me, teaching. I'm a , I know.)

What is ?

's disciples and associates extendeded the art to different weapons: Ott Jud taught (); Lekuchner the one-handed knife-sword (or just ); others focused on ()...

would thrive for over 300 years, outgrowing its usefulness and turning into sport before becoming defintiely extint in the XVIII century. But thanks to the treatises these masters wrote, today we can reconstruct them!


What is ?

But it's not all . There were others like de'i Liberi, who wrote the (), where he explores basically the same weapons, but with a different style.

In the following centuries we have a bunchload of treatises: and from the napoleonic era, and pole weapon systems from the late middle ages, from the Iberian and Italian, and from the late victorian Britain... take your pick.

What is ?

Before both and , in the late XIII century someone created a book teaching how to fight with (a small hand-held ): manuscript I.33. This is one of the oldest martial arts manuals in the world.

In it a priest teaches several students — and the last pages depict a woman taking up the weapons. Her name is given as , which is why we sometimes call the book and regard her unofficially as the matriarch of HEMA.

What is ?
7/6 - Bonus!

So now you know about Historical European Martial Arts — revived from old books, coming from many centuries and places, encompassing many weapons and systems: and from the napoleonic era, and pole weapon systems from the late middle ages, from the renaissance and baroque periods...

If this made you curious, check these pages to learn more and find a club:




Entre para participar dessa conversa

O masto.donte.com.br é uma instância moderada com um foco em usuários do Brasil, mas usuários de outros lugares (e outras línguas) são bem vindos. Discursos de ódio são proibidos. Usuários que não respeitem as regras serão silenciados ou suspensos, dependendo da severidade da violação.